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Widespread construction of sanitary sewers is a comparatively recent technological advance. Most sewerage in the U.S. has been installed after 1960. Even more surprising is the early opposition to sewerage as 'municipal socialism'.


A Brief (Illustrated) History of Human Waste Disposal -- and its possible future.

Part 1. Cesspits & Outhouses
Part 2. Toilets & Water Carriage

Part 3. Sewerage
(attached pps)
Part 4. Sewage Treatment
Part 5. Wastewater Treatment
Part 6. The Future: Wastewater Reclamation