Publication Details (including relevant citation information):
K.M. DeWitt, L. Valadez, H.L. Abbott, K.W. Kolasinski, and I. Harrison, Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 110, 6705 (2006).
The dissociative sticking coefficient for CH4 on Pt(111) has been measured as a function of both gas temperature (Tg) and surface temperature (Ts) using effusive molecular beam and angle-integrated ambient gas dosing methods. The experimental results are used to optimize the three parameters of a microcanonical unimolecular rate theory (MURT) model of the reactive system. The MURT calculations allow us to extract transition state properties from the data as well as to compare our data directly to other molecular beam and thermal equilibrium sticking measurements. We find a threshold energy for dissociation of E0 ) 52.5 ( 3.5 kJ mol-1. Furthermore, the MURT with an optimized parameter set provides for a predictive understanding of the kinetics of this C-H bond activation reaction, that is, it allows us to predict the dissociative sticking coefficient of CH4 on Pt(111) for any combination of Ts and Tg even if the two are not equal to one another, indeed, the distribution of molecular energy need not even be thermal. Comparison of our results to those from recent thermal equilibrium catalysis studies on CH4 reforming over Pt nanoclusters (~2 nm diam) dispersed on oxide substrates indicates that the reactivity of Pt(111) exceeds that of the Pt nanocatalysts by several orders of magnitude.
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