Publication Details (including relevant citation information):
International Journal of Modern Physics E 2 (1993) 233-258.
We study the barrier penetrability in the frame of the Lindblad theory of open quantum systems. In addition to the diagonal elements of the density matrix, leading to the Gamow’s formula, new terms, describing energy dissipation and spectral line broadening effects are obtained. It is shown that the presence of a dissipative environment increase the barrier penetrability, in accordance with a very simple physical interpretation: for a system initially found in its ground state the dissipation can lead only to transitions to the reaction channels where lower-energy levels exist.