Publication Details (including relevant citation information):
Structure (2001) 9: 527-537.
Lewis HA, Furlong EB, Laubert B, Eroshkina GA, Batiyenko Y, Adams JM, Bergseid MG, Marsh CD, Peat TS, Sanderson WE, Sauder JM, Buchanan SG
BACKGROUND: Quorum sensing is the mechanism by which bacteria control gene expression in response to cell density. Two major quorum-sensing systems have been identified, system 1 and system 2, each with a characteristic signaling molecule (autoinducer-1, or AI-1, in the case of system 1, and AI-2 in system 2). The luxS gene is required for the AI-2 system of quorum sensing. LuxS and AI-2 have been described in both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacterial species and have been shown to be involved in the expression of virulence genes in several pathogens. RESULTS: The structure of the LuxS protein from three different bacterial species with resolutions ranging from 1.8 A to 2.4 A has been solved using an X-ray crystallographic structural genomics approach. The structure of LuxS reported here is seen to have a new alpha-beta fold. In all structures, an equivalent homodimer is observed. A metal ion identified as zinc was seen bound to a Cys-His-His triad. Methionine was found bound to the protein near the metal and at the dimer interface. CONCLUSIONS: These structures provide support for a hypothesis that explains the in vivo action of LuxS. Specifically, acting as a homodimer, the protein binds a methionine analog, S-ribosylhomocysteine (SRH). The zinc atom is in position to cleave the ribose ring in a step along the synthesis pathway of AI-2.
Address (URL): http://www.cell.com/structure/retrieve/pii/S096921260100613X