Publication Details (including relevant citation information):
J. Phys. Chem. B 2009, 113, 5633.
Direct and indirect radiation-induced DNA damage is associated with the formation of radical cations (G•+) and radical anions (G•−) of guanine, respectively. Deprotonation of G•+ and dehydrogenation of G•− generate guanine neutral radical [G(−H)•] and guanine anion [G(−H)−], respectively. These products are of worrisome concern, as they are involved in reactions that are related to certain lethal diseases. It has been observed that guanyl radicals can be repaired by amino acids having strong reducing properties that are believed to be the residues of DNA-bound proteins such as histones. As a result, repair of G(−H)• and G(−H)− by the amino acids cysteine and tyrosine has been studied here in detail by density functional theory in both the gas phase and aqueous medium using the polarized continuum and Onsager solvation models of self-consistent reaction field theory. Solvation in aqueous medium using three explicit water molecules was also studied. Four equivalent tautomers of each the above radical and anion that will be formed through proton and hydrogen loss from all of the nitrogen centers of guanine radical cation and guanine radical anion, respectively, were considered in the present study. It was found that in both the gas phase and aqueous medium, normal guanine can be retrieved from its radical-damaged form by a hydrogen-atom-transfer (HT) mechanism. Normal guanine can also be retrieved from its anionic damaged form in both the gas phase and aqueous medium through a two-electron-coupled proton-transfer (TECPT) mechanism or a one-step hydrogen-atom- and electron-transfer (OSHET) mechanism. The present results are discussed in light of the experimental findings.
Address (URL): http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp810468m