Publication Details (including relevant citation information):
AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, Memphis, Tennessee, October 29-31, 1975
UTILIZING SEAFOOD WASTES IN THE PLASTICS INDUSTRY. R.C. Pearce, C.N. Tran, and P.D. Frayer, Dept. of Polymer Science, Univ. of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, MS 39401 In the United States there are more than 300 million pounds of sea¬food waste generated each year. Of this waste 60 million pounds is a natural polymer called chitin which is readily separable from the cal¬cium carbonate and protein. Two factors make necessary the utilization of seafood wastes: 1) Pollution--Environmental concern has spurred government action requiring that shrimpheads and hulls be removed from seafood processing fluids. 2) Energy Shortage--Since polymers are made from petroleum products, learning how to utilize any renewable natural resource is essential if we are to meet future demands for raw materials. Chemical and physical routes are being investigated to demonstrate the technological and economic feasibility of using chitin as a raw material supplement for the polymer industry. Specifically chemical derivates are being studied as potential additives for paints and coatings since the chemical structure of chitin is similar to cellulose. In addition molding and casting compounds are being prepared which con¬tain chitin whereby the microfibrillar morphology may be used as a reinforcement and reduce the overall cost.
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