Robert Pearce - UTILIZING SEAFOOD WASTES IN THE PLASTICS INDUSTRY

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  Publication Details (including relevant citation   information):

  AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, Memphis, Tennessee, October 29-31,   1975

  Abstract:

  UTILIZING SEAFOOD WASTES IN THE PLASTICS INDUSTRY. R.C. Pearce,   C.N. Tran, and P.D. Frayer, Dept. of Polymer Science, Univ. of   Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, MS 39401 In the United States   there are more than 300 million pounds of sea¬food waste   generated each year. Of this waste 60 million pounds is a natural   polymer called chitin which is readily separable from the   cal¬cium carbonate and protein. Two factors make necessary the   utilization of seafood wastes: 1) Pollution--Environmental   concern has spurred government action requiring that shrimpheads   and hulls be removed from seafood processing fluids. 2) Energy   Shortage--Since polymers are made from petroleum products,   learning how to utilize any renewable natural resource is   essential if we are to meet future demands for raw materials.   Chemical and physical routes are being investigated to   demonstrate the technological and economic feasibility of using   chitin as a raw material supplement for the polymer industry.   Specifically chemical derivates are being studied as potential   additives for paints and coatings since the chemical structure of   chitin is similar to cellulose. In addition molding and casting   compounds are being prepared which con¬tain chitin whereby the   microfibrillar morphology may be used as a reinforcement and   reduce the overall cost.

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