Publication Details (including relevant citation information):
The ability to perform a fluorescence-based quantitative determination of a biologically important analyte directly released from mammalian cells using a standard microtiter plate reader to measure wells integrated into a microfluidic device is reported. Specifically, the amount of nitric oxide (NO) released from flowing erythrocytes (ERYs) exposed to a hypoxic buffer is measured using a fluorescein-based probe. The ERYs are pumped through channels in one layer of the poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) device; as these cells release NO, it flows through a porous polycarbonate membrane to the probe. The device is then placed into a standard microtiter plate reader for measurement, with the entire calibration and analyte determination occurring simultaneously. Using this method, NO release from hypoxic ERYs was determined to be 6.9 ± 1.8 μM, a significantly increased value in comparison to that from normoxic ERYs of 0.60 ± 0.04 μM (p < 0.001, n = 4 rabbits). Furthermore, the reproducibility (reported as a %RSD) of measuring fluorescence standards was 3.5%. Detection limits, dynamic range, and optimal membrane pore diameters are also reported. This device enables the use of a standard high-throughput tool (the plate reader) to measure analytes in a microfluidic device, the ability to improve the quantitative determination of a relatively unstable molecule (NO), and the incorporation of a flow component and blood constituent into a system that can be combined with microtiter plate technology.
Address (URL): http://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/ac101130s