Publication Details (including relevant citation information):
J. Med. Chem., 2009, 52 (16), pp 5069–5075
All-cis-14,15-epoxyeicosa-5,8,11-trienoic acid (14,15-EET) is a labile, vasodilatory eicosanoid generated from arachidonic acid by cytochrome P450 epoxygenases. A series of robust, partially saturated analogues containing epoxide bioisosteres were synthesized and evaluated for relaxation of precontracted bovine coronary artery rings and for in vitro inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH). Depending upon the bioisostere and its position along the carbon chain, varying levels of vascular relaxation and/or sEH inhibition were observed. For example, oxamide 16 and N-iPr-amide 20 were comparable (ED(50) 1.7 microM) to 14,15-EET as vasorelaxants but were approximately 10-35 times less potent as sEH inhibitors (IC(50) 59 and 19 microM, respectively); unsubstituted urea 12 showed useful activity in both assays (ED(50) 3.5 microM, IC(50) 16 nM). These data reveal differential structural parameters for the two pharmacophores that could assist the development of potent and specific in vivo drug candidates.
Address (URL): http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jm900634w