Publication Details (including relevant citation information):
N.Ma, J. Yang, K.M. Stewart,and S.O. Kelley, Langmuir 2007 23, 12783
A class of luminescent semiconductor quantum dots is described that exhibit low cellular toxicity without the use of bulky surface coatings. Nucleic acids, either in the form of mononucleotides or DNA oligonucleotides, are used as a ligand system in the aqueous synthesis of CdS nanocrystals. The materials produced exhibit diameters on the order of 4 nm and luminescence in the range of 500−700 nm. Importantly, DNA−CdS is stable in buffers of high ionic strength for many hours. When tested for toxicity in HeLa cells, minimal decreases in cell viability were observed, indicating that the DNA−CdS nanocrystals are highly stable in biological media. Uptake of the nanocrystals into unfixed mammalian cells was tested, and internalization was observed. The results reported indicate that the use of DNA as a ligand system for water-soluble semiconductor nanocrystals represents a worthwhile strategy for the production of new biological imaging agents.
Address (URL): http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/la7017727