Publication Details (including relevant citation information):
J Med. Chem., 2011, 54 (8), 2823-2838.
Inhibition of histone deacetylase (HDACs) results in growth arrest, differentiation and apoptosis in nearly all tumor cell lines, promoting HDACs as promising targets for antitumor therapy. In our previous study we developed a novel series of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-3-carboxylic acid derivatives as HDACs inhibitors (HDACi), among which compound 7d exhibited promising HDAC8 inhibitory and anti-proliferative activities. Herein, we report the design and development of a new class of tetrahydroisoquinoline bearing hydroxamic acid analogs as potential HDACi and anticancer agents. In vitro biological evaluation of these compounds showed improved HDAC8 inhibition (compounds 31a and 31b exhibited mid-nM IC50 values against HDAC8) and potent growth inhibition in multiple tumor cell lines. Most importantly, compounds 25e, 34a and 34b exhibited excellent in vivo anticancer activities in a human breast carcinoma (MDA-MB-231) xenograft model compared with suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), an approved HDACi. Collectively, our results indicate that tetrahydroisoquinoline bearing a hydroxamic acid is an excellent template to develop novel HDACi as potential anticancer agents.
Address (URL): http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jm101605z