Publication Details (including relevant citation information):
We present a carbon paste electrode (CPE) modified using the electron mediator bis(1,10-phenanthroline-5,6-dione)(2,2′-bipyridine)ruthenium(II) ([Ru(phend)2bpy]2+) exchanged into the inorganic layered material zirconium phosphate (ZrP). X-Ray powder diffraction showed that the interlayer distance of ZrP increases upon [Ru(phend)2bpy]2+ intercalation from 10.3 Å to 14.2 Å. The UV-vis and IR spectroscopies results showed the characteristic peaks expected for [Ru(phend)2bpy]2+. The UV-vis spectrophotometric results indicate that the [Ru(phend)2bpy]2+ concentration inside the ZrP layers increased as a function of the loading level. The exchanged [Ru(phend)2bpy]2+ exhibited luminescence even at low concentration. Modified CPEs were constructed and analyzed using cyclic voltammetry. The intercalated mediator remained electroactive within the layers (E°′=–38.5 mV vs. Ag/AgCl, 3.5 M NaCl) and electrocatalysis of NADH oxidation was observed. The kinetics of the modified CPE shows a Michaelis–Menten behavior. This CPE was used for the oxidation of NADH in the presence of Bakers' yeast alcohol dehydrogenase. A calibration plot for ethanol is presented.