Publication Details (including relevant citation information):
Ronald Michalsky, A. Lorena Passarelli, Peter H. Pfromm, Peter Czermak: Concentration of the baculovirus Autographa californica M nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) by ultrafiltration, Desalination 250 (2010), p. 1125-1127.
Concentration and retention of a rod-shaped virus during tangential flow ultrafiltration (UF) was assessed to evaluate the potential of membrane-based downstream methods with advantages such as easy scale-up for industrial processes. A recombinant baculovirus of the non-spherical Autographa californica M nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV), vHSGFP, expressing egfp was filtered using polyethersulfone membranes ranging from 30 to 1000 kDa molecular weight cut-off (MWCO). A 20-fold virus concentration was achieved when a membrane cut-off range of 100 to 1000 kDa was tested. Fouling was observed and cake formation and pore plugging were postulated as concurrent causes with different impact depending on the MWCO. A reduction of virus concentration in the range of 2 to 5 log units in the permeate was observed illustrating the potential of membrane-based virus filtration as a useful unit operation in downstream processing.