Publication Details (including relevant citation information):
Bryon Parman, Vincent Amanor-Boadu, Peter H. Pfromm, Ronald Michalsky: Third generation biofuels and the food v. fuel debate: a systems perspective, The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability 7 (2011) 2, p. 287-300.
Biofuel from non-food non-agriculture feedstock, such as algae, is now touted as a potential solution to many of the challenges facing first- and second-generation biofuel production. This paper seeks to determine the extent to which large-scale algae feedstock production addresses the food v fuel debate. It accomplishes this by expanding the boundaries of inquiry to encompass the resource use-production system within a dynamic framework. A theoretical system dynamic model is developed to illustrate the effect of increasing third-generation biofuels production on environmental and socio-economic sustainability. The model suggests competition for fertilizer will begin to influence food production costs, leading to potentially higher food prices. An implication of this research is that third-generation biofuels may not exhibit socio-economic sustainability as long as their feedback effect on food production is recognized. This paper lays down the foundation for examining sustainability within a systems framework.
Address (URL): http://ijs.cgpublisher.com/product/pub.41/prod.795