Publication Details (including relevant citation information):
Chang, C.H. (2011) J. Phys. Chem. A 115(31): 8691-704
Density functional theoretical models of the electronic structure of several configurational isomers and analogues of the [2Fe]H H-cluster in [FeFe] hydrogenase were analyzed to identify distinguishing features of the canonical cofactor structure potentially relevant to catalysis. Collective analysis of geometric changes over models of oxidized and reduced [2Fe] clusters highlighted movement of the bridging carbonyl and anticorrelation of the proximal and distal Fe-Cterminal bonds as key explanatory factors for variance over the considered models. Charge and bond order analysis suggest that as the bridging carbonyl favors the distal iron upon reduction, bonding simultaneously becomes more ionic in nature, raising the possibility of simple electrostatic stabilization as a factor in charge accumulation prior to ultimate H2 creation and release. Frontier orbital energies show cis and trans arrangements of cyanide on the Fe‒Fe core to have distinctive energies from the other models, which may be important for redox poise. Altogether, few factors qualitatively distinguish the cis- from the trans-cyano configurations, which may in fact enhance catalytic robustness under conditions leading to exchange of the bridging and terminal carbonyl ligands. However, the naturally occurring trans configuration possesses two distinct donor-metal-acceptor S‒Fe‒C(O) interactions, which might play a role in enforcing a low-spin ground state for the hydridic mechanism of H2 production.
Address (URL): http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp112296d