Publication Details (including relevant citation information):
Research and Creativity Scholarship Journal at VCU
Nanoscale Zero Valent Iron (NZVI) particles have become a material of interest due to their small size, large surface area, and enhanced magnetic properties relative to their bulk counterparts. Due to these properties, NZVI have become prevalent in industrial, biomedical and environmental applications. The use of NZVI in environmental remediation is of particular interest. Large industrial areas containing underground storage tanks (UST) are a cause of ground water and soil contamination from chlorinated volatile organic compounds. Through the use of NZVI, CVOC can be reduced to simple organic compounds that are easily absorbed or digested through anaerobic processes. Considerations for NZVI include size, charge, surface functionalization, cost and efficiency. Methods for the synthesis and surface functionalization of NZVI are examined as size and charge affect mobility of the particles through the contaminated area during remediation. Monitoring of the remediation is conducted through pH testing and determination of electrochemical potentials as the CVOC are reduced to less harmful organics.
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