Publication Details (including relevant citation information):
J Lipid Res 46:373-382
We describe an improved assay for platelet-activating factor (PAF; 1-O-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine) using HPLC-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The present method can readily detect as little as 1 pg (1.9 fmol) of PAF, a significant improvement over previously described LC-MS/MS methods, and gives a linear response up to 1,000 pg of PAF. Our method also overcomes the artifacts from isobaric lipids that have limited the usefulness of certain existing LC-MS/MS assays for PAF. In the course of these studies, we detected three novel lipid species in human neutrophils. One of the novel lipids appears to be a new molecular species of PAF, and the other two have chromatographic and mass spectrometric properties consistent with stearoyl-formyl-glycerophosphocholine and oleoyl-formyl-glycerophosphocholine. These observations identify previously unknown potential interferences in the measurement of PAF by LC-MS/MS. Moreover, our data suggest that the previously described palmitoyl-formyl-glycerophosphocholine is not unique but rather is a member of a new and poorly understood family of formylated lipids.
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