Publication Details (including relevant citation information):
Ya.S. Vygodskii, O.A. Melnik, E.I. Lozinskaya, A.S. Shaplov, I.A. Malyshkina, N.D. Gavrilova, K.A. Lyssenko, M.Yu. Antipin, D.G. Golovanov, A.A. Korlyukov, N. Ignatev, U. Welz-Biermann. Polym. Adv. Technol., 2007, v. 18, no. 1, P. 50-63.
Various 1,3-dialkylimidazolium and tetraalkylphosphonium ionic liquids (ILs), including novel ones, have been studied as reaction media for free radical polymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA), acrylonitrile (AN) and 1-vinyl-3-ethylimidazolium salts (ViEtim+)Y-. The influence of IL’s nature upon the polymer formulation was investigated. The use of different ionic liquids allows not only to obtain the polymers with high molecular weight (PMMA, up to 5 770 000 g / mol; PAN, up to 735 000 g / mol and poly[(ViEtIm+)Y-],up to 1 130 000 g / mol) in high yields, but also to control the polymerization rate and molecular mass. The physicochemical characteristics, including mechanical properties, thermal stability and heat-resistance of the obtained polymers were studied in order to compare with those of polymers prepared in traditional media. It was found that elongation, tensile modulus and strength of PAN, which was synthesized in ionic liquid, are comparatively higher. The influence of ILs nature upon their ionic conductivity and the formation of conductive polymers from molten-salt-type vinyl monomers was investigated. Molecular design of the polymers simultaneously with the influence of IL’s nature in order to achieve higher ionic conductivity is discussed. Flexible, transparent polymer films, obtained in different ways, show relatively high ionic conductivity (of about 10-5 S•(cm)-1 at 20oC).
Address (URL): http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pat.795