Publication Details (including relevant citation information):
Yi-Fang Zeng, S.-Ja Tseng, Ivan M. Kempson, Shu-Fen Peng, Wen-Teng Wu, Je-Ruei Liu, Controlled delivery of recombinant adeno-associated virus serotype 2 using pH-sensitive poly(ethylene glycol)-poly-L-histidine hydrogels, Biomaterials,
33 (2012) 9239-9245
Loading of viral vectors in synthetic polymers is a promising strategy for overcoming hurdles associated with viral gene delivery. For enhanced gene expression at a specific site, gene transfer by using hydrogels represents a versatile approach. In this study, adeno-associated virus serotype 2 containing the green fluorescent protein gene (rAAV2-GFP) were loaded into poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) hydrogels, with and without incorporation of poly-L-hisditine (polyHis). Inclusion of polyHis created pH responsive hydrogels in a physiological range of tissues, containing the damaged vasculature and activated phagocytosis. The fraction of polyHis used controlled the degree of swelling, water uptake and subsequent degradation of the hydrogels and release rate of rAAV2-GFP. The swelling ratio of the PEG-polyHis hydrogels increased inversely with environment pH. As pH declined from 7.4 to 6.0, PEG-polyHis hydrogel swelling ratio and degradation rate increased 875% and 135%, respectively. As a result, release and transduction efficiency of the rAAV2-GFP from PEG-polyHis hydrogel in human HT-1080 fibrosarcoma cells increased significantly compared to a PEG hydrogel. Transduction rate can be controlled by the hydrogels’ polyHis concentration and is sensitive to localized decreases in pH consistent with inflammation. This is relevant to optimizing parameters for wound care and regenerative medicine applications.
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