Rita Mustikasari - A Guide For Analyzing Livelihoods and Economic Activities in the Context of IWRM NA

Version 1

      Publication Details (including relevant citation   information):

        Livelihood Analysis and Activity Analysis (LA&AA) are   important tools in the Negotiated Approach (NA) to Integrated   Water Resources Management (IWRM). They collect and analyze   information on water users in terms of people (households) and   economic activities. The results of LA&AA aim to reflect the   perceptions of water users about their water resources and their   management. Through the LA&AA we can also understand what   people’s hope, considerations and alternatives are for what the   government has done.


        This perception of the local water users is needed for a NA that   aims to involve

        all users in a realistic and sustainable IWRM (preferably on the   level of river basins).

        Well documented perceptions will contribute to a discussion in   which all stakeholders

        either from government, private or other water users have an   equal position. Different

        stakeholders will have their own perception of the available   water resources in a

        given basin and the way they should be used. If all parties   tightly hold to their own

        problem analysis, this would lead to traditional negotiations in   which partners fight for

        an optimal share of water resources and strong and well informed   partners use to have

        a competitive advantage. A NA aims to facilitate a dialogue that   is based on an equal

        sharing of available information and on a common understanding of   problems among

        different stakeholders that use water resources in the same basin   or other agencies

        that have interests in the basin’s resources.

        The LA&AA would result in reports that properly document and   summarize the

        field information collected and make a first analysis. Such   reports are considered an

        important contribution to a problem analysis that is jointly made   among all partners

        in water management and that recognizes the perceptions of water   users. Such a joint

        problem analysis is a first step in any NA as it provides a   crucial base to negotiate

        alternative options for IWRM that should find a balanced approach   that considers


        • a reduction of poverty following basically the perception of   local people;

        • a sustainable use of the related natural resources; and

        • national/regional economic development.

    Sources for LA&AA are interviews with water users, consultations of experts and
      the collection of secondary information. This guide concentrates   on interviews and
      fieldwork needed to analyse the position of farmers and farming   activities. Other water
      users are only briefly considered because the scope of this   exercise is limited; farming is
      an important activity in the social, economic and water   management sense, and farmers
      are a priority group for NGOs.

      This guide is one of the outputs of Telapak’s Capacity   Development Project on
      Integrated Water Resources Management applying the Negotiated   Approach (CDP
      IWRM NA). This project, which was executed between August 2008   and April 2011,
      aims to encourage NGO partners and Telapak to develop their   capacity to play a role
      in the management of water resources in Indonesia.

      Address (URL): http://air.telapak.org/publikasi/buku?start=5