Publication Details (including relevant citation information):
Livelihood Analysis and Activity Analysis (LA&AA) are important tools in the Negotiated Approach (NA) to Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM). They collect and analyze information on water users in terms of people (households) and economic activities. The results of LA&AA aim to reflect the perceptions of water users about their water resources and their management. Through the LA&AA we can also understand what people’s hope, considerations and alternatives are for what the government has done.
This perception of the local water users is needed for a NA that aims to involve
all users in a realistic and sustainable IWRM (preferably on the level of river basins).
Well documented perceptions will contribute to a discussion in which all stakeholders
either from government, private or other water users have an equal position. Different
stakeholders will have their own perception of the available water resources in a
given basin and the way they should be used. If all parties tightly hold to their own
problem analysis, this would lead to traditional negotiations in which partners fight for
an optimal share of water resources and strong and well informed partners use to have
a competitive advantage. A NA aims to facilitate a dialogue that is based on an equal
sharing of available information and on a common understanding of problems among
different stakeholders that use water resources in the same basin or other agencies
that have interests in the basin’s resources.
The LA&AA would result in reports that properly document and summarize the
field information collected and make a first analysis. Such reports are considered an
important contribution to a problem analysis that is jointly made among all partners
in water management and that recognizes the perceptions of water users. Such a joint
problem analysis is a first step in any NA as it provides a crucial base to negotiate
alternative options for IWRM that should find a balanced approach that considers
• a reduction of poverty following basically the perception of local people;
• a sustainable use of the related natural resources; and
• national/regional economic development.
Sources for LA&AA are interviews with water users, consultations of experts and
the collection of secondary information. This guide concentrates on interviews and
fieldwork needed to analyse the position of farmers and farming activities. Other water
users are only briefly considered because the scope of this exercise is limited; farming is
an important activity in the social, economic and water management sense, and farmers
are a priority group for NGOs.
This guide is one of the outputs of Telapak’s Capacity Development Project on
Integrated Water Resources Management applying the Negotiated Approach (CDP
IWRM NA). This project, which was executed between August 2008 and April 2011,
aims to encourage NGO partners and Telapak to develop their capacity to play a role
in the management of water resources in Indonesia.
Address (URL): http://air.telapak.org/publikasi/buku?start=5