Publication Details (including relevant citation information): Law, Yu Kay, Forties, Robert A., Liu, Xin, Poirier, Michael G., Kohler, Bern, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2013, 12 (8), pp 1431-1439
Abstract: The kinetics of thymine-thymine cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer (TT-CPD) formation was studied at 23 thymine-thymine base steps in two 247-base pair DNA sequences irradiated at 254 nm. Damage was assayed site-specifically and simultaneously on both the forward and reverse strands by detecting emission from distinguishable fluorescent labels at the 5[prime or minute]-termini of fragments cleaved at CPD sites by T4 pyrimidine dimer glycosylase and separated by gel electrophoresis. The total DNA strand length of nearly 1000 bases made it possible to monitor damage at all 9 tetrads of the type XTTY, where X and Y are non-thymine bases. TT-CPD yields for different tetrads were found to vary by as much as an order of magnitude, but similar yields were observed at all instances of a given tetrad. Kinetic analysis of CPD formation at 23 distinct sites reveals that both the formation and reversal photoreactions depend sensitively on the identity of the nearest-neighbour bases on the 5[prime or minute] and the 3[prime or minute] side of a photoreactive TT base step. The lowest formation and reversal rates occur when two purine bases flank a TT step, while the highest formation and reversal rates are observed for tetrads with at least one flanking C. Overall, the results show that the probabilities of CPD formation and photoreversal depend principally on interactions with nearest-neighbour bases.
Address (URL): http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C3PP50078K