Publication Details (including relevant citation information):
T. Bund, S. Allelein, A. Arunkumar, J.A. Lucey, M.R. Etzel (2012), J. Chrom. A., 1244, 98.
A process for the food-grade preparative-scale production and chromatographic purification of whey protein isolate (WPI)–dextran glycates was developed in this work. The Maillard reaction was used to produce the glycates in aqueous solution. A 5 mL cation exchange column and salt step gradients were utilized to elute the glycated protein at low salt and unreacted protein at high salt. The process was scaled-up 160-fold to an 800 mL column. Glycated products were analyzed by SDS-PAGE, BCA protein assay and glycoprotein carbohydrate estimation kit, MALDI-TOF and static and dynamic light scattering. Glycated protein was relatively pure, containing only traces of beta-lactoglobulin, and it was heterogeneous due to oligo-glycation. It had a molecular mass of 26–35 kDa by static light scattering, and 22–67 kDa by MALDI-TOF. Mono-glycated protein would have been 23.8 kDa from beta-lactoglobulin (18.6 kDa) and dextran (5.2 kDa). This work demonstrated the utility of cation exchange chromatography for the large-scale purification of glycated proteins using food-grade chemicals and procedures.
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