Publication Details (including relevant citation information):
JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C
Published: NOV 29 2012
The ionic charge state of monodisperse multiply charged cationic gold clusters on surfaces may be controlled by selecting the coverage of mass selected ions soft landed onto a substrate. Polydisperse diphosphine-capped gold clusters were synthisized in solution and introduced into the gas phase by electrospray ionization. Miss selection was employed to isolate a multiply charged cationic cluster species (Au11L53+, m/z = 1409, L= 1,3,bis(diphenylphosphino)-propane) which was delivered to the surfaces of four different self-assembled mjonolayers on gold (SAMs) at controlled coverages of 10(11) and 10(12) clusters. Employing the spatial profiling capabilities of in situ time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIS), it is shown that, in addition to the chemical functionality of the monolayer (as demonstrated previously ACS Nano 2012, 6, 573); the coverage of cationic gold clusters on the surface may be used to control the relative abundance of different charge states of the soft landed multiply charged clusters. In the case of a 1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorodecanethiol monolayer (FSAM) almost complete retention of charge by the deposited Au11L53+ clusters was observed at a lower coverage of 10(11) clusters. In contrast, at a higher coverage of 10(12) clusters, pronounced reduction of charge to Au11L52+ and Au11L5+ was observed on the FSAM. When soft landed onto 16- and 11-mercaptohexadecanoic acid surfaces on gold (16,11-COOH-SAMS), the mass selected Au11L53+ clusters exhibited partial reduction of charge to Au11L52+ at lower coverage and additional reduction of charge to both Au11L52+ and Au11L5+ at higher coverage on the surface of the 1-dodecanethiol (HSAM) monolayer, the most abundant charge state was found to be Au11L52+ at lower coverage and Au11L53+ at higher coverage, respectively. A coverage-dependent electron tunneling mechanism is proposed to account for the observed reduction of charge of mass-selected multiply charged gold clusters soft landed on SAMs. The results demonstrate that one of the critical parameters that influence the chemical and physical properties of supported metal clusters, ionic charge state, may be controlled by selecting the coverage of charged species soft landed onto surfaces.
Address (URL): http://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/jp308795r