Peter Hsieh - Pressure-controlled advanced distillation curve analysis and rotational viscometry of swine manure pyrolysis oil

Document created by Peter Hsieh on Aug 22, 2014Last modified by Peter Hsieh on Oct 3, 2014
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  Publication Details (including relevant citation   information):

  Hsieh, Peter Y., Bruno, Thomas J., Fuel, 2014, 132, 1-6.


  Pyrolysis is an effective method of converting agricultural   byproducts to a tarry complex fluid suitable for use as a liquid   fuel. While superficially similar in appearance to crude   petroleum, pyrolysis oil contains significantly more oxygenated   and nitrogenous compounds and up to 30% water by mass. These   differences in composition affect both the heating value and   viscosity of the fuel. We used the reduced-pressure advanced   distillation curve (ADC) method to characterize the boiling point   and composition of pyrolysis oil derived from swine manure. The   swine manure pyrolysis oil was found to contain ∼15% water by   mass. Thermal cracking of the sample was observed near 300 °C at   3.5 kPa. The pyrolysis oil viscosity decreases exponentially as a   function of temperature from 50 to 75 °C.

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