Peter Hsieh - Analysis of marine diesel fuel with the advanced distillation curve method

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      Publication Details (including relevant citation   information): Hsieh, Peter Y., Abel, Kathryn R., Bruno,   Thomas J., 2013, 27 (2), pp 804-810

      Abstract: Ocean-going ships burn heavy fuel oil.   The combustion of heavy fuel oil in marine diesel engines emits   nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides, and particulates into the air.   Growing public concern over air quality has led to increased   scrutiny of heavy fuel oil as a source of air pollutants, with   calls for greater regulation of its composition to safeguard   public health and the environment. Heavy fuel oil is a complex   mixture, prepared by blending residual oil from petroleum   distillation with more volatile fractions to meet industry   standards. The fuel composition has a significant effect on the   type and amount of combustion products produced, but the   complexity of heavy fuel oil blends has hindered past efforts at   analysis. The advanced distillation curve (ADC) method was   developed as a complex fluid analysis protocol, combining   thermophysical and chemical properties measurement. We applied   the ADC method, under reduced pressure, to a sample of IFO 380   intermediate fuel oil to characterize its volatility and   composition as a function of volume fraction. Applying the   analytical method to heavy fuel oil yields quantitative data that   can be used to model and design more efficient internal   combustion engines for ocean-going ships, improving maritime fuel   economy while reducing the amount of harmful pollutants released   into the atmosphere.

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