Publication Details (including relevant citation information):
B. Galabov, S. Kim, Y. Xie, H.F. Schaefer, M.L. Leininger, and J.R. Durig;
Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2008, 112, 2120.
The relative stabilities of the five conformers of allyl amine, a medium-size aliphatic molecule, were estimated by applying ab initio quantum mechanical methods at several levels of theory. The second-order Møller-Plesset perturbation method (MP2), quadratic configuration interaction including single and double excitations (QCISD), coupled-cluster with single and double excitations (CCSD) and CCSD plus perturbative triple excitations [CCSD(T)] were applied. The Dunning correlation consistent basis sets (through aug-cc-pVQZ and cc-pV5Z) were employed. The MP2 energies relative to the energy of the cis - trans conformer reported here appear to approach the basis set limit. The predicted allyl amine conformer energies approaching the Hartree - Fock basis set limit are 158 cm-1 (cis - gauche), -5 cm-1 (gauche - trans), and -146 cm-1 (gauche gauche). The same three relative energies near the MP2 basis set limit are 135, 103, and 50 cm-1, respectively. The analogous energies deduced from experiment are 173 ± 12, 92 ± 8, and 122 ± 5 cm-1. The theoretical results obtained in the present study suggest that satisfactory predictions of the conformer energetics of allyl amine may be achieved only by theoretical methods that incorporate consideration of correlation effects in conjunction with large basis sets. Evaluation of the zero-point vibrational energy corrections is critical, due to the very small classical energy differences between the five conformers of allyl amine. Agreement between theory and experiment for the gauche - gauche conformational energy remains problematical.
Address (URL): http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp710585q