Publication Details (including relevant citation information):
Anderson, S. N.; Noble, M.; Grubel, K.; Marshall, B.; Arif, A. M.; Berreau, L. M. Journal of Coordination Chemistry, 2014, 1-33.
The visible light-induced CO-release reactivity of the zinc flavonolato complex [(6-Ph2TPA)Zn(3-Hfl)]ClO4 (1) has been investigated in 1 : 1 H2O : DMSO. Additionally, the effect of ligand secondary microenvironment on the aqueous stability and visible light-induced CO-release reactivity of zinc flavonolato species has been evaluated through the preparation, characterization, and examination of the photochemistry of compounds supported by chelate ligands with differing secondary appendages, [(TPA)Zn(3-Hfl)]ClO4 (3; TPA = tris-2-(pyridylmethyl)amine) and [(bnpapa)Zn(3-Hfl)]ClO4 (4; bnpapa = N,N-bis((6-neopentylamino-2-pyridyl)methyl)-N-((2-pyridyl)methyl)amine)). Compound 3 undergoes reaction in 1 : 1 H2O : DMSO resulting in the release of the free neutral flavonol. Irradiation of acetonitrile solutions of 3 and 4 at 419 nm under aerobic conditions results in quantitative, photoinduced CO-release. However, the reaction quantum yields under these conditions are lower than that exhibited by 1, with 4 exhibiting an especially low quantum yield. Overall, the results of this study indicate that positioning a zinc flavonolato moiety within a hydrophobic microenvironment is an important design strategy toward further developing such compounds as CO-release agents for use in biological systems.