Publication Details (including relevant citation information):
Three holocelluloses (i.e., cellulose and hemicellulose fractions) are prepared from softwood and hardwood by the Wise method. These holocelluloses completely dissolve in 8% lithium chloride/1,3-dimethyl-2-imidazolidinone (LiCl/DMI) after an ethylenediamine (EDA) pretreatment. After diluting the holocellulose solutions to 1% LiCl/DMI, they are subjected to size-exclusion chromatography/multiangle laser-light scattering/photodiode array (SEC-MALLS-PDA) analysis. All holocelluloses exhibit bimodal molecular weight distributions primarily due to high-molecular-weight (HMW) cellulose and low-molecular-weight hemicellulose fractions. Plots of molecular weight vs root-mean-square radius obtained by SEC-MALLS analysis revealed that all the wood celluloses comprise dense conformations in 1% LiCl/DMI. In contrast, bacterial cellulose, which was used as a pure cellulose model, has a random coil conformation as a linear polymer. These results show that both softwood and hardwood HMW celluloses contain branched structures, which are probably present on crystalline cellulose microfibril surfaces. These results are consistent with those obtained by permethylation analysis of wood celluloses.
Address (URL): http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/bm201211z