Publication Details (including relevant citation information):
PhysicaScripta91, 053005 (2016)
Boron atomic clusters show several interesting and unusual size-dependent features due to the small covalent radius, electron deficiency, and higher coordination number of boron as compared to carbon. These include aromaticity and a diverse array of structures such as quasi-planar, ring or tubular shaped, and fullerene-like. In the present work, we have analyzed features of the computed electron density distributions of small boron clusters having up to 11 boron atoms, and investigated the effect of doping with C, P, Al, Si, and Zn atoms on their structural and physical properties, in order to understand the bonding characteristics and discern trends in bonding and stability. We find that in general there are covalent bonds as well as delocalized charge distribution in these clusters. We associate the strong stability of some of these planar/quasiplanar disc-type clusters with the electronic shell closing with effectively twelve delocalized valence electrons using a disc-shaped jellium model. B9-, B10, B7P, and B8Si, in particular, are found to be exceptional with very large gaps between the highest occupied molecular orbital (****) and the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO), and these are suggested to be magic clusters.
Address (URL): http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0031-8949/91/5/053005