Steven Stellman - Comparative epidemiology of tobacco-related cancers

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      Publication Details (including relevant citation   information):

      Wynder, E. L., Stellman, S. D. 37 (12) 4608-22-

      Abstract: In a retrospective study, interviews   were obtained with 3,716 patients with histologically proven   cancer of the lung (Kreyberg types I and II), mouth, larynx,   esophagus, or bladder and with over 18,000 controls. For each of   these cancers, the relative risk of both male and female present   smokers increased with the quantity smoked and the duration of   the habit. The strongest increase occurred for cancer of the lung   and larynx, and the least increase occurred for cancer of the   esophagus and bladder. For exsmokers the risk decreased with   years of cessation. The risk for mouth cancer of pipe and cigar   smokers who inhaled much less than cigarette smokers was less   than that of the latter and increased with the quantity smoked.   The risk of mouth, larynx, and esophagus cancer among smokers   increased with the quantity of alcohol consumed. Greater smoking   habits and lesser cessation rates were noted among lower   socioeconomic groups, suggesting that these groups will bear an   ever increasing proportion of the burden of tobacco-related   cancer.

      Address (URL): http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/562711