Steven Stellman - Proportions of cancer deaths attributable to cigarette smoking in women

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      Publication Details (including relevant citation   information):

      Stellman, S. D., Garfinkel, L. 15 (2) 19-28-

      Abstract: Over two-thirds of a million American   women mostly over age 45 were enrolled in a prospective mortality   study in 1982 and followed up for four years. In this time period   1,527 women died of six smoking-related cancer sites: oral   cavity, esophagus, pancreas, larynx, lung, and bladder.   Age-adjusted death rates in nonsmokers were used to obtain   smoking-attributable risks and numbers of deaths due to these six   cancers. Among current smokers, 601 deaths (85.5% of current   smokers' deaths) were attributable to cigarette smoking, and   among former smokers 284 (69.3% of ex-smokers' deaths) were   attributable to smoking. Cigarette smoking accounted for 885   excess deaths at these sites, giving a population-attributable   risk of 57.9%. Over three-quarters of these excess deaths were   due to lung cancer. Cigarette smoking, despite increases in   smoking cessation, is still responsible for well over half of the   deaths from these six types of cancer in women.

      Address (URL): http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2781809