Steven Stellman - Issues of causality in the history of occupational epidemiology

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      Stellman, S. D. 48 (3) 151-60-

      Abstract: Occupational epidemiology has its   roots in classical medicine. However, it became a quantitative   discipline only in the 20th century, through the pioneering work   of individuals such as Case, Lloyd, and Selikoff and   organizations such as the Division of Occupational Health of the   U.S. Public Health Service. Studies of chemical dye workers,   bituminous coal miners, smelting workers, and uranium miners have   been especially important sources of innovations in methodology   and in development of logical reasoning leading to acceptance of   causal relationships of occupational exposures that lead to   respiratory diseases and cancer. The cooperation of labor unions,   such as those of steel and asbestos workers, has often been a   crucial factor in providing essential data.

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