Steven Stellman - Persisting posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and their relationship to functioning in Vietnam veterans: a 14-year follow-up

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      Publication Details (including relevant citation   information):

      Koenen, K. C., Stellman, S. D., Sommer, J. F., Jr., Stellman, J.   M. 21 (1) 49-57-

      Abstract: The authors examined the longitudinal   association between persisting posttraumatic stress disorder   (PTSD) symptoms and multiple domains of life functioning in a   community sample of 1,377 American Legionnaire Vietnam veterans   first assessed in 1984 and followed-up 14 years later. Almost 30   years after their return from Vietnam, 10% of veterans continued   to experience severe PTSD symptoms. At all levels of combat   exposure, persisting severe PTSD symptoms were associated with   worse family relationships, more smoking, less life satisfaction   and happiness, more mental health service use, and more   nonspecific health complaints at the 14-year follow-up. Further   investigation is needed to determine whether the PTSD-functioning   relationship is causal and if successful treatment of PTSD is   associated with improvement in functioning.

      Address (URL): http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18302174