Steven Stellman - Short-term and medium-term health effects of 9/11

Document created by Steven Stellman on Dec 1, 2016
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  Publication Details (including relevant citation   information):

  Perlman, S. E., Friedman, S., Galea, S., Nair, H. P.,   Eros-Sarnyai, M., Stellman, S. D., Hon, J., Greene, C. M.   378 (9794) 925-34-

  Abstract: The New York City terrorist attacks on   Sept 11, 2001 (9/11), killed nearly 2800 people and thousands   more had subsequent health problems. In this Review of health   effects in the short and medium terms, strong evidence is   provided for associations between experiencing or witnessing   events related to 9/11 and post-traumatic stress disorder and   respiratory illness, with a correlation between prolonged,   intense exposure and increased overall illness and disability.   Rescue and recovery workers, especially those who arrived early   at the World Trade Center site or worked for longer periods, were   more likely to develop respiratory illness than were other   exposed groups. Risk factors for post-traumatic stress disorder   included proximity to the site on 9/11, living or working in   lower Manhattan, rescue or recovery work at the World Trade   Center site, event-related loss of spouse, and low social   support. Investigators note associations between 9/11 exposures   and additional disorders, such as depression and substance use;   however, for some health problems association with exposures   related to 9/11 is unclear.

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