Steven Stellman - Chronic probable ptsd in police responders in the world trade center health registry ten to eleven years after 9/11

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      Publication Details (including relevant citation   information):

      Cone, J. E., Li, J., Kornblith, E., Gocheva, V., Stellman, S. D.,   Shaikh, A., Schwarzer, R., Bowler, R. M. 58 (5) 483-93-

      Abstract: BACKGROUND: Police enrolled in the   World Trade Center Health Registry (WTCHR) demonstrated increased   probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after the terrorist   attack of 9/11/2001. METHODS: Police enrollees without pre-9/11   PTSD were studied. Probable PTSD was assessed by Posttraumatic   Stress Check List (PCL). Risk factors for chronic, new onset or   resolved PTSD were assessed using multinomial logistic   regression. RESULTS: Half of police with probable PTSD in   2003-2007 continued to have probable PTSD in 2011-2012. Women had   higher prevalence of PTSD than men (15.5% vs. 10.3%, P = 0.008).   Risk factors for chronic PTSD included decreased social support,   unemployment, 2+ life stressors in last 12 months, 2+   life-threatening events since 9/11, 2+ injuries during the 9/11   attacks, and unmet mental health needs. CONCLUSION: Police   responders to the WTC attacks continue to bear a high mental   health burden. Improved early access to mental health treatment   for police exposed to disasters may be needed.

      Address (URL): http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25851164