Steven Stellman - Hurricane Sandy Evacuation Among World Trade Center Health Registry Enrollees in New York City

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      Publication Details (including relevant citation   information):

      Brown, S., Gargano, L. M., Parton, H., Caramanica, K., Farfel, M.   R., Stellman, S. D., Brackbill, R. M. 1-9-

      Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Timely evacuation is vital   for reducing adverse outcomes during disasters. This study   examined factors associated with evacuation and evacuation timing   during Hurricane Sandy among World Trade Center Health Registry   (Registry) enrollees. METHODS: The study sample included 1162   adults who resided in New York City's evacuation zone A during   Hurricane Sandy who completed the Registry's Hurricane Sandy   substudy in 2013. Factors assessed included zone awareness, prior   evacuation experience, community cohesion, emergency   preparedness, and poor physical health. Prevalence estimates and   multiple logistic regression models of evacuation at any time and   evacuation before Hurricane Sandy were created. RESULTS: Among   respondents who evacuated for Hurricane Sandy (51%), 24% had   evacuated before the storm. In adjusted analyses, those more   likely to evacuate knew they resided in an evacuation zone, had   evacuated during Hurricane Irene, or reported pre-Sandy community   cohesion. Evacuation was less likely among those who reported   being prepared for an emergency. For evacuation timing,   evacuation before Hurricane Sandy was less likely among those   with pets and those who reported 14 or more poor physical health   days. CONCLUSIONS: Higher evacuation rates were observed for   respondents seemingly more informed and who lived in   neighborhoods with greater social capital. Improved disaster   messaging that amplifies these factors may increase adherence   with evacuation warnings. (Disaster Med Public Health   Preparedness. 2016;page 1 of 9).

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