Publication Details (including relevant citation information):
Maslow, C. B., Caramanica, K., Li, J., Stellman, S. D., Brackbill, R. M. e1-e8-
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: To estimate associations between exposure to the events of September 11, 2001, (9/11) and low birth weight (LBW), preterm delivery (PD), and small size for gestational age (SGA). METHODS: We matched birth certificates filed in New York City for singleton births between 9/11 and the end of 2010 to 9/11-related exposure data provided by mothers who were World Trade Center Health Registry enrollees. Generalized estimating equations estimated associations between exposures and LBW, PD, and SGA. RESULTS: Among 3360 births, 5.8% were LBW, 6.5% were PD, and 9% were SGA. Having incurred at least 2 of 4 exposures, having performed rescue or recovery work, and probable 9/11-related posttraumatic stress disorder 2 to 3 years after 9/11 were associated with PD and LBW during the early study period. CONCLUSIONS: Disasters on the magnitude of 9/11 may exert effects on reproductive outcomes for several years. Women who are pregnant during and after a disaster should be closely monitored for physical and psychological sequelae. PUBLIC HEALTH IMPLICATIONS: In utero and maternal disaster exposure may affect birth outcomes. Researchers studying effects of individual disasters should identify commonalities that may inform postdisaster responses to minimize disaster-related adverse birth outcomes. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print August 23, 2016: e1-e8. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2016.303303).
Address (URL): http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27552273