Steven Stellman - Impact of 9/11-related chronic conditions and PTSD comorbidity on early retirement and job loss among World Trade Center disaster rescue and recovery workers

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      Yu, S., Brackbill, R. M., Locke, S., Stellman, S. D., Gargano, L.   M. 59 (9) 731-41-

      Abstract: BACKGROUND: The economic impact of the   9/11 terrorist attacks has rarely been studied. We examined the   association between 9/11-related chronic health conditions with   or without post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and one   important aspect of the economic impact, retirement, and job loss   before age 60. METHODS: A total of 7,662 workers who participated   in the World Trade Center Health Registry surveys were studied.   Logistic regression models examined the association of   9/11-related health and labor force exit. RESULTS: Workers with   chronic conditions were more likely to experience early   retirement and job loss, and the association was stronger in the   presence of PTSD comorbidity: the odds ratios for reporting early   retirement or job loss were increased considerably when chronic   conditions were comorbid with PTSD. CONCLUSIONS: Disaster-related   health burden directly impacts premature labor force exit and   income. Future evaluation of disaster outcome should include its   long-term impact on labor force. Am. J. Ind. Med. 59:731-741,   2016. (c) 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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