Publication Details (including relevant citation information):
Kleiner-Shuhler, Leslie, Brittain, Rebekah, Johnston, Martin R., Hipps, K. W. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2008 112 (38) 14907-14912
Abstract: Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and orbital-mediated tunneling spectroscopy (OMTS) are reported for N,N′-dioctyl-1,8:4,5-naphthalenediimide (diimide) adsorbed on highly ordered pyrolytic graphite (HOPG). The diimide forms well ordered monolayers either at the interface between HOPG and several phenylalkanes, or at the HOPG−air or HOPG−vacuum interface when adsorbed from toluene. Planar adsorption of the diimide ring on HOPG is observed. Hydrogen bonding, O and N interaction with HOPG, and π−π interactions appear to be the primary drivers for determining the monolayer structure which is stable and independent of the adsorption method. This is an unusual example since most alkane-substituted systems studied to date rely on alkane chain interactions (with HOPG and interdigitation) to drive the adsorbate structure on graphite. The observed unit cell has a = 2.0 ± 0.2 nm, b = 1.95 ± 0.2 nm, α = 67 ± 2°. The STM imaging is highly bias dependent and appears to be controlled (in the ±2 V bias region) by an unoccupied orbital. Orbital-mediated tunneling spectra reveal a single strong electron affinity band near 3.5 eV below the vacuum level.
Address (URL): http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp8039127