Publication Details (including relevant citation information):
Gyarfas, Brett J., Wiggins, Bryan, Zosel, Monica, Hipps, K. W. Langmuir 2005 21 (3) 919-923
Abstract: Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) is utilized to study the solution−solid interface formed between Au(111) and solutions of coronene in hexanoic, heptanoic, and octanoic acids. In all three cases adsorbed coronene is observed and lays flat on the metal surface. Heptanoic and hexanoic acid solutions produce a hexagonal symmetry monolayer. For the heptanoic and hexanoic cases, dipole-image dipole interactions and H bonding stabilize a surface structure in which 12 acid molecules surround each coronene and produce a coronene spacing of 1.45 nm. In the case of octanoic acid as solvent, the incorporation of the solvent into the monolayer is not as strongly favored. The coronene spacing can range from close-packed (1.2 nm) with no solvent presumed present in the monolayer, to 1.50 nm with up to 12 solvent molecules surrounding each coronene. The close-packed regions have hexagonal symmetry, as do those with the largest (1.5 nm) spacing. Heptanoic acid solutions give the clearest STM images and are associated with the most stable two-component monolayer. The present paper demonstrates that non-covalent interactions at the solution−metal interface can lead to complex multicomponent monolayer structures.
Address (URL): http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/la047726j