Jean-Claude Bunzli - Photophysics of Lanthanoid Coordination Compounds

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  B nzli,Jean-Claude G., Eliseeva,Svetlana V. 2013  (8.08) 339-398

  Abstract: In recent years, lanthanoids have   become vital components to a wealth of advanced optical materials   and related technologies. Sharp visible and near-infrared   emissions result in exciting applications in lighting devices   (fluorescent lamps and light-emitting diodes/organic   light-emitting diodes), displays, telecommunications, lasers,   sensors, luminescent bioprobes, or solar energy conversion and   photocatalysts, to name a few. Many of these applications are   presently based on coordination compounds, so that the field of   luminescent lanthanoid complexes with organic ligands has   literally exploded during the past two decades and presently more   than 500 original articles are published annually on the subject.   An exhaustive presentation of these works would require an entire   book. Therefore, in this chapter, the focus is more on the basic   aspects pertaining to the design of luminescent   lanthanoid-containing complexes. After an introduction to   lanthanoid spectroscopy, energy transfer processes are presented   and analyzed, as well as ways of avoiding nonradiative   deactivation through vibrations. Representative examples are   detailed but extensive enumeration of data is avoided.   Furthermore, the chapter gives some highlights on application to   fields as diverse as biosciences, telecommunications,   electroluminescent materials, and photovoltaics

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