John Garner

Uses for Akanocure Stereotetrad Lactones 2a: lactone openings with primary nitrogen nucleophiles

Blog Post created by John Garner on Jan 20, 2017

One of PolySciTech’s latest product offerings is Akanocure stereotetrad lactones ( for use as synthetic precursors. There are many potential reactions for these lactones which can result in a wide array of useful molecules. In this series of postings, we will highlight potential uses of these materials. One usage is opening the lactone ring utilizing primary nitrogens (amines). For example, these can be utilized to generate aldonamides, a class of widely applicable precursors in and of themselves. You can read more about this application here: Metta-Magaña, Alejandro J., Reyna Reyes-Martínez, and Hugo Tlahuext. "Crystal structure and NMR spectroscopy of aldonamides derived from d-glycero-d-gulo-heptono-1, 4-lactone." Carbohydrate research 342, no. 2 (2007): 243-253.

“Abstract: We report the preparation of 12 aldonamides derived from d-glycero-d-gulo-heptono-1,4-lactone, their NMR characterization and study (13C, 1H, 15N NMR) in Me2SO-d6 solution. The evaluation of the coupling constants 3JH,H has shown that the sugar chain conformation in solution is all-trans for the studied amides. Because some amides crystallized, we discussed the crystal packing and found motifs. The conformation of the amides in the crystal structures displays two sickles at C2 and C3, with the exception of one that is all-trans. The bends cause the formation of the mean planes C1–C2–C3 and C3–C4–C5–C6–C7 with an average interplanar angle of 88°. We found three main kinds of crystal packing depending on the N-substituent; head-to-tail, bilayer and pseudo-hexagonal mode, all the three show hydrogen-bonding networks that stabilize the crystal lattice. Keywords: Aldonamides; Conformation; 15N NMR; Crystal packing; Hydrogen bonding”