John Garner

P(DL)La-PEG-COOH and mPEG-PLA from PolySciTech used in development of antibacterial-nanovesicles to treat MRSA

Blog Post created by John Garner on Apr 18, 2019

Bassous, 2019 MRSA nanovesicle polyscitech.jpg

Typical staphylococcus aureus (Staph) is an extremely common bacterial present on skin and hair in up to 25 percent of healthy people. Typical Staph is easily treated with conventional antibiotics, however Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an antibiotic resistant strain that has evolved to be difficult to treat. Conventional therapies work poorly against this kind of bacterial infection and these often require advanced solutions to prevent the spread of the difficult-to-kill bacteria. Recently, researchers at Northeastern University used PLA-PEG-COOH (AI023) and mPEG-PLA (AK021) from PolySciTech (www.polyscitech.com) to develop bacteria-killing nanovesicles to treat MRSA. This research holds promise to provide for treatment against this difficult to treat bacterial infection. Read more: Bassous, Nicole J., and Thomas J. Webster. "The Binary Effect on Methicillin‐Resistant Staphylococcus aureus of Polymeric Nanovesicles Appended by Proline‐Rich Amino Acid Sequences and Inorganic Nanoparticles." Small (2019): 1804247. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/smll.201804247

 

“Abstract: Prevalent research underscores efforts to engineer highly sophisticated nanovesicles that are functionalized to combat antibiotic‐resistant bacterial infections, especially those caused by methicillin‐resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and that aid with wound healing or immunomodulation. This is especially relevant for patients who are susceptible to Staphylococcus aureus infections postoperatively. Here, antibacterial formulations are incorporated into polymeric, biocompatible vesicles called polymersomes (PsNPs) that self‐assemble via hydrophobic interactions of admixed aqueous and organic substances. Nano‐PsNPs are synthesized using a high molecular weight amphiphilic block copolymer, and are conjugated to include antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) along the peripheral hydrophilic region and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) inside their hydrophobic corona. In vitro testing on bacterial and human cell lines indicates that finely tuned treatment concentrations of AMP and AgNPs in PsNPs synergistically inhibits the growth of MRSA without posing significant side effects, as compared with other potent treatment strategies. A ratio of silver‐to‐AMP of about 1:5.8 corresponding to ≈11.6 µg mL−1 of silver nanoparticles and 14.3 × 10−6 m of the peptide, yields complete MRSA inhibition over a 23 h time frame. This bacteriostatic activity, coupled with nominal cytotoxicity toward native human dermal fibroblast cells, extends the potential for AMP/AgNP polymersome therapies to replace antibiotics in the clinical setting.”

 

- Biotech, Pharma, Cancer, Research (BPCR) is a free, 1-day scientific networking conference hosted by Akina, Inc. on Aug 28, 2019. See more and register to attend at www.bpcrconference.com

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