John O'Connor

A Brief History of Human Waste Disposal - Part 2: Toilets

Blog Post created by John O'Connor on Dec 16, 2010



Many in the wastewater field lament the fact that the development of toilets and water carriage flushed in an era of massive clean water use simply for moving poop around. Part 2 of the History illustrates the development of toilet technology.


A Brief (Illustrated) History of Human Waste Disposal -- and its possible future.

Part 1. Cesspits & Outhouses
Part 2. Toilets & Water Carriage
(attached pps)
Part 3. Sewerage
Part 4. Sewage Treatment
Part 5. Wastewater Treatment
Part 6. The Future: Wastewater Reclamation


Interested in the history of analyses of water and wastewater?


     What parameters were first measured to detect contamination of drinking water supplies?

     What was the first APHA Standard Method of Water Analysis?