I've struggled with this. I married when I was in grad school so my published name is hyphenated between my maiden and my married name. I believe my diploma said that as well.
My hyphenated name was a mouthful (Berg-Brennan) and I eventually just changed my name to Christine Berg Brennan (no hyphen), so I was known as Dr. or Mrs. Brennan (depending on the situation).
Then my husband passed. I had two kids and they kept their father's name. So I rearranged my name to become Christine Brennan Schmidt so that people knew I was married to my husband, but i was the mother to my kids.
You would think in this modern day, that people would know parents' last names don't often match their kids. My husband and I still get called Brennan.
I would think that at some point you can start connecting your papers to a professional profile so that it doesn't matter what your last name was, In the Network, I would recommend tagging to make sure the two pieces of informaiton are associated.