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What atom will be attacked?

 Through out my journey at university, i felt safe and confidant in doing the reactions. After i stod up alone, i was puzzled by the question:

If i have a mixture of reactants say a para benzene or meta that are alcohol and aming groups are attached to it. 

The amino is primary and lets suppose it has a carboxylic acid or keton attached to it.

When I run this reaction with HX like HCl, how can i make sure it will only attack - OH?

If I tried to deaminate the benzene, how can i be sure that the deamination process wont attack the hydroxyl group?

I do not expect a full answer since the question is too general, but a perfect answer would point out to concepts in the field that I forgot or missed. 

Thanks in advance. 

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