formulate scientific explanations based on historical observations and experimental evidence, accounting for variability in experimental results.
SC.O.P.1.5 draw conclusions from a variety of data sources to analyze and interpret systems and models (e.g., use graphs and equations to measure and apply variables such as rate and scale, evaluate changes in trends and cycles, or predict the influence of external variances such as potential sources of error, or interpret maps).
SC.O.P.1.6 investigate, compare and design scientific and technological solutions to address personal and societal problems.
SC.O.P.1.7 given current science-technology-societal issues, construct and defend potential solutions.
SC.O.P.1.8 relate societal, cultural and economic issues to key scientific innovations.
SC.O.P.1.9 synthesize concepts across various science disciplines to better understand the natural world (e.g., form and function, systems, or change over time).
SC.O.E.2.17 examine the stratification of the oceans:
temperature salinity zones biological zones.
SC.O.E.2.18 investigate to explain heat transfer in the atmosphere and its relationship to meteorological processes:
pressure winds evaporation condensation precipitation.
SC.O.E.2.19 predict the effects of ocean currents on climate.
SC.O.E.2.21 examine global change over time:
climatic trends, global warming, ozone depletion.
SC.O.E.2.25 use various wavelengths of the electromagnetic spectrum to investigate the observable universe.
SC.O.E.2.27 evaluate the potential conflicts, which arise between societal reliance on natural resources and the need to act as responsible stewards to reclaim the earth, including disposal of hazardous and non-hazardous waste.
SC.O.C.1.2 formulate scientific explanations based on historical observations and experimental evidence, accounting for variability in experimental results.
SC.O.C.1.3 conduct and/or design investigations that incorporate the skills and attitudes and/or values of scientific inquiry (e.g., established research protocol, accurate record keeping, replication of results and peer review, objectivity, openness, skepticism, fairness, or creativity and logic).
SC.O.C.1.4 design, conduct, evaluate and revise experiments (e.g., compose a question to be investigated, design a controlled investigation that produces numeric data, evaluate the data in the context of scientific laws and principles, construct a conclusion based on findings, propose revisions to investigations based on manipulation of variables and/or analysis of error, or communicate and defend the results and conclusions).
SC.O.C.1.5 draw conclusions from a variety of data sources to analyze and interpret systems and models (e.g., use graphs and equations to measure and apply variables such as rate and scale, evaluate changes in trends and cycles, or predict the influence of external variances such as potential sources of error, or interpret maps).
SC.O.C.1.6 investigate, compare and design scientific and technological solutions to address personal and societal problems.
SC.O.C.1.7 given current science-technology-societal issues, construct and defend potential solutions.
SC.O.C.1.8 relate societal, cultural and economic issues to key scientific innovations.
SC.O.C.1.9 synthesize concepts across various science disciplines to better understand the natural world (e.g., form and function, systems, or change over time).
SC.O.C.2.18 compare and contrast the Arrhenius and Bronsted-Lowry definitions of acids and bases.
SC.O.C.2.13 classify reactions as exothermic and endothermic reactions by the direction of heat flow in a chemical reaction.
SC.O.C.2.14 explain the chemical and physical concepts involved in dynamic equilibrium.
SC.O.C.2.19 compare methods of measuring pH:
SC.O.C.2.20 predict the product of an acid-base reaction.
SC.O.C.2.21 investigate and explain water’s role as a solvent based upon principles of polarity of substances.
SC.O.B.2.15 evaluate the evidence for natural selection including:
speciation fossil record evidence molecular similarities homologous structures
SC.O.B.2.20 evaluate environmental factors that affect succession, populations and communities
SC.O.B.2.21 propose ecosystem models that incorporate interactions of biotic and abiotic environmental variables in biogeochemical cycles
SC.O.B.2.22 interpret changes in energy as it flows through an ecosystem to illustrate conservation of energy in the energy pyramid, food web, and food chain.
10th GRADE SCIENCE
SC.O.10.2.9 construct a scientific explanation for variation in the species and common ancestors using fossil records, homologous features and selective pressures.
SC.O.10.2.10 compare and contrast theories for the development, diversity and/or extinction of a species (e.g., natural selection, Lamarckism, or catastrophism).
SC.O.10.2.11 construct diagrams showing energy flow and cycles of matter between chemical and biological systems including photosynthesis, stored chemical energy, decomposition, carbon and nitrogen cycles.
SC.O.10.2.16 compare and contrast by investigation the properties of solutions including density, conductivity, solubility, concentration, pH and colligative properties.
SC.O.10.2.17 compare and contrast the characteristics of physical, chemical and nuclear changes/reactions.
SC.O.10.2.19 characterize by investigation variance in thermal energy in physical and chemical changes.
SC.O.10.2.20 compare and contrast the characteristics and uses of electromagnetic waves and relate the frequency of the wave to its application.
SC.O.10.2.29 evaluate the effects of geological events on weather and climate (e.g., volcanism and bolide impact).
SC.O.10.2.30 analyze the effects of mechanical and chemical weathering mechanisms on the earth’s surface to produce sediments.
9th GRADE SCIENCE
SC.O.9.2.10 relate molecular motion, kinetic energy and states of matter.
SC.O.9.2.11 write formulas and name compounds given oxidation numbers of monatomic and polyatomic ions.
SC.O.9.2.12 propose the results of changing the number of protons, neutrons or electrons on the properties of an atom.
SC.O.9.2.13 determine formulas and names for binary compounds.
SC.O.9.2.14 classify a binary chemical bond as ionic, nonpolar covalent or polar covalent.
SC.O.9.2.15 given a chemical equation deduce the coefficients and classify the reaction type (e.g., synthesis or combination, decomposition, single replacement, or double replacement and combustion).
SC.O.9.2.16 assess and provide evidence to justify the occurrence of a chemical reaction (e.g., production of color, light, heat, sound, smell, gas, or precipitate).
SC.O.9.2.17 differentiate various forms of energy and energy transformations including fission and fusion.
SC.O.9.2.18 assess absorption and dissipation of heat by various materials.
SC.O.9.2.24 differentiate between transverse and longitudinal waves and model examples of each type (e.g., light, sound, or seismic).
SC.O.9.2.25 predict weather based on the relationships of temperature, air pressure, wind speed, wind direction and humidity as depicted on a weather map and meteorological data.
SC.O.9.2.26 analyze the relationships among latitude, altitude and climate.
SC.O.9.2.27 classify common rock forming minerals by examining their physical and chemical properties.
SC.O.9.2.28 analyze the processes of the rock cycle to predict the paleo-environment in which a rock sample is formed.
SC.O.9.2.34 apply fusion, heat transfer, gravity, and electromagnetism to the sun, its evolution and its impact on earth.
8th GRADE SCIENCE
SC.O.8.2.1 demonstrate an understanding of the interrelationships among physics, chemistry, biology, earth/environmental science, and astronomy.
SC.O.8.2.15 evaluate the variations in diffusion rates and examine the effect of changing temperatures.
SC.O.8.2.16 conduct and classify chemical reactions by reaction type (e.g., synthesis, decomposition, single replacement or double replacement); energy type (e.g., endothermic and exothermic); and write word equations for the chemical reactions.
SC.O.8.2.17 identify and describe factors that affect chemical reaction rates, including catalysts, temperature changes, light energies and particle size.
SC.O.8.2.18 examine the various sources of energy (e.g., fossil fuels, wind, solar, geothermal, nuclear, biomass).
SC.O.8.2.20 quantitatively represent wavelength, frequency and velocity (e.g., v=λf).
SC.O.8.2.21 relate the conservation of energy theory to energy transformations (e.g., electrical/heat, or mechanical/heat).
SC.O.8.2.28 determine the impact of oceans on weather and climate; relate global patterns of atmospheric movement on local weather.
SC.O.8.2.29 analyze the forces of tectonics, weathering and erosion that have shaped the earth’s surface.
SC.O.8.2.30 model processes of soil formation and suggest methods of soil preservation and conservation.
SC.O.8.3.1 synthesize concepts across various science disciplines to better understand the natural world (e.g., form and function, systems, or change over time).
SC.O.8.3.2 investigate, compare and design scientific and technological solutions to personal and societal problems.
SC.O.8.3.3 communicate experimental designs, results and conclusions using advanced technology tools.
SC.O.8.3.4 collaborate to present research on current environmental and technological issues to predict possible solutions.
SC.O.8.3.6 given a current science-technology-societal issue, construct and defend potential solutions.
7th GRADE SCIENCE
SC.O.7.1.1 realize that scientists formulate and test their explanations of nature using observation and experiments.
SC.O.7.1.2 recognize scientific knowledge is subject to modification as new scientific information challenges current explanations.
SC.O.7.1.3 examine the careers and contributions of men and women of diverse cultures to the development of science.
SC.O.7.1.4 compare and contrast the historical significance of scientific discoveries.
SC.O.7.1.5 cooperate and collaborate to ask questions, design and conduct investigations to find answers and solve problems.
SC.O.7.1.6 formulate conclusions through close observations, logical reasoning, objectivity, perseverance and integrity in data collection.
SC.O.7.1.7 apply skepticism, careful methods, logical reasoning and creativity in investigating the observable universe.
SC.O.7.1.8 use a variety of technologies and scientific instruments to conduct explorations, investigations and experiments of the natural world.
SC.O.7.1.11 construct and use charts, graphs and tables to organize, display, interpret, analyze and explain data.
SC.O.7.1.12 use inferential reasoning to make logical conclusions from collected data.
SC.O.7.2.11 predict the trends of interdependent populations if one of the limiting factors is changed.
SC.O.7.2.12 evaluate the consequences of the introduction of chemicals into the ecosystem (e.g., environmental consequences, human health risks, or mutations).
SC.O.7.2.14 examine the differences in types of solutions (e.g., solutes and solvents, relative concentrations, conductivity, pH).
SC.O.7.2.15 examine chemical reactions involving acids and bases by monitoring color changes of indicator(s) and identifying the salt formed in the neutralization reaction.
SC.O.7.2.17 describe the movement of individual particles and verify the conservation of matter during the phase changes (e.g., melting, boiling, or freezing).
SC.O.7.2.27 examine the effects of the sun’s energy on oceans and weather
6th GRADE SCIENCE
SC.O.6.2.9 analyze the ecological consequences of human interactions with the environment (e.g., renewable and non-renewable resources).
SC.O.6.2.10 classify and investigate properties and processes (changes) as either physical or chemical.
SC.O.6.2.12 use indicators to classify substances as acidic, basic or neutral.
SC.O.6.2.13 using the periodic table, identify the symbols of elements as solids, liquids, and gases; metals or nonmetals.
SC.O.6.2.14 describe the composition and properties of matter (e.g., particles, malleability, melting point, density, inertia, or specific heat).
SC.O.6.2.15 investigate the properties of the electromagnetic spectrum (e.g., wavelengths, frequencies, visible light); relate wavelengths and/or frequencies to position on the electromagnetic spectrum (e.g., colors, x-ray).
SC.O.6.2.16 recognize that an object’s color is based upon the absorption and reflection of light waves.
SC.O.6.2.24 monitor major atmospheric events using a variety of resources including technology.
SC.O.6.3.5 research everyday applications and interactions of science and technology.
SC.O.6.3.6 evaluate and critically analyze mass media reports of scientific developments and events.
5th GRADE SCIENCE
SC.O.5.2.1 demonstrate an understanding of the interconnections of biological, earth and space, and physical science concepts.
SC.O.5.2.2 identify and explain common energy conversions in cycles of matter including photosynthesis and the carbon dioxide cycle.
SC.O.5.2.7 through the use of research and technology, explore the extinction of a species due to environmental conditions.
SC.O.5.2.8 trace and describe the pathways of the sun’s energy through producers, consumers and decomposers using food webs and pyramids.
SC.O.5.2.9 explain that the mass of a material is conserved whether it is together, in parts, or in a different state.
SC.O.5.2.10 recognize that elements are composed of only one type of matter.
SC.O.5.2.11 using the periodic table, identify common elements according to their symbols.
SC.O.5.2.12 through experimentation, identify substances by their relative densities (mass/volume=density).
SC.O.5.2.18 describe the layers of the earth and their various features.
SC.O.5.2.19 identify and describe natural landforms and explain how they change and impact weather and climate.
SC.O.5.2.20 use a variety of instruments and sources to collect and display weather data to describe weather patterns.
SC.O.5.2.21 compare and explain the different rates of weathering, erosion and deposition on various materials.
SC.O.5.2.23 identify resources as being renewable or non-renewable.
SC.O.5.2.24 explore and explain how fossils and geologic features can be used to determine the relative age of rocks and rock layers.
4th GRADE SCIENCE
SC.O.4.1.1 explain how new discoveries lead to changes in scientific knowledge.
SC.O.4.1.2 study the lives and discoveries of scientists of different cultures and backgrounds.
SC.O.4.1.5 recognize that developing solutions to problems requires persistence, flexibility, open-mindedness, and alertness for the unexpected.
SC.O.4.1.6 support statements with facts found through research from various sources, including technology.
SC.O.4.1.7 use scientific instruments, technology and everyday materials to investigate the natural world.
SC.O.4.1.8 demonstrate safe and proper techniques for handling, manipulating and caring for science materials.
SC.O.4.1.9 construct a hypothesis when provided a problem.
SC.O.4.2.9 investigate how properties can be used to identify substances.
SC.O.4.2.10 design an experiment to investigate the dissolving of solids and analyze the results.
SC.O.4.2.11 examine simple chemical changes (e.g., tarnishing, rusting, or burning).
SC.O.4.2.12 explain that materials including air take up space and are made of parts that are too small to be seen without magnification.
SC.O.4.2.13 differentiate changes in states of matter due to heat loss or gain.
SC.O.4.2.14 investigate variables that affect the rate of evaporation of a liquid.
SC.O.4.2.15 compare and classify liquids based on density.
SC.O.4.2.29 interpret a weather chart or map and predict outcomes.
SC.O.4.2.30 identify the sun as a star.
SC.O.4.2.33 differentiate between types of rock and describe the rock cycle.
SC.O.4.2.34 compare ocean water and fresh water.
3rd GRADE SCIENCE
SC.O.3.1.4 demonstrate curiosity, initiative and creativity by planning and conducting simple investigations.
SC.O.3.1.5 recognize that developing solutions to problems takes time, patience and persistence through individual and cooperative ventures.
SC.O.3.1.6 support statements with facts found through research from various sources, including technology.
SC.O.3.1.7 use scientific instruments, technology, and everyday materials to investigate the natural world.
SC.O.3.1.8 use safe and proper techniques for handling, manipulating and caring for science materials (e.g., follow safety rules, maintain a clean work area, or treat living organisms humanely).
SC.O.3.1.9 apply mathematical skills and use metric units in measurements.
SC.O.3.1.10 interpret data presented in a table, graph, map or diagram and use it to answer questions and make predictions and inferences based on patterns of evidence.
SC.O.3.2.5 relate the buoyancy of an object to its density.
SC.O.3.2.6 identify physical and chemical properties.
SC.O.3.2.7 relate changes in states of matter to changes in temperature.
SC.O.3.2.8 investigate the dissolving of solids in liquids.
SC.O.3.2.9 investigate the reflection and refraction of light by objects.
SC.O.3.2.15 identify fossils as a record of time.
SC.O.3.2.16 explore erosion of different materials by water and wind (e.g., sand, soil, or rocks).
SC.O.3.2.20 identify properties of minerals and recognize that rocks are composed of different minerals.
SC.O.3.2.21 explain how igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks are formed.
SC.O.3.2.22 identify geographical features using a model or map.
2ND GRADE SCIENCE
SC.O.2.1.4 demonstrate curiosity, initiative and creativity by observing, classifying, comparing and analyzing natural objects in the environment.
SC.O.2.1.5 manipulate scientific instruments and everyday materials to investigate the natural world (e.g., hand lens, balance, thermometer, metric ruler, magnets, weather instruments, or calculators).
SC.O.2.2.6 identify materials as a solid, a liquid or a gas and recognize that matter takes up space, and can change from one state to another.
SC.O.2.2.12 identify and examine changes in the earth’s surface (e.g., weathering, or erosion).
SC.O.2.2.13 identify the effects of wind movement.
SC.O.2.2.14 observe and describe different types of precipitation.
SC.O.2.2.15 describe daily and seasonal weather changes.
SC.O.2.3.1 identify parts of systems and identify how they interact with one another.
SC.O.2.3.2 use models as representations of real things.
SC.O.2.3.3 observe that changes occur gradually, repetitively, or randomly within the environment.
SC.O.2.3.4 recognize that common objects and events incorporate science (e.g., CD players, Velcro, or weather) to solve human problems and enhance the quality of life.
SC.O.2.3.5 listen to and be tolerant of different viewpoints while working in collaborative groups.
SC.O.2.3.6 develop respect and responsibility for the environment by engaging in conservation practices (e.g., recycling, trash clean-up, or power consumption reduction).
1st GRADE SCIENCE
SC.O.1.1.1 ask questions about themselves and their world.
SC.O.1.1.3 demonstrate curiosity, initiative and creativity by questioning observations of changes in the environment (e.g., life cycles, motion of celestial objects, or sun and shadow).
SC.O.1.1.4 use scientific instruments and everyday materials to investigate the natural world (e.g., hand lens, balance, magnets, thermometer, seeds, or rocks).
SC.O.1.1.5 use safe and proper techniques for handling, manipulating and caring for science materials (e.g., follow safety rules, maintain a clean work area, or treat living organisms humanely).
SC.O.1.1.6 collect, record and compare information using a variety of classification systems (e.g., ordering, sorting, or sequencing) and using a variety of communication techniques (e.g., sketches, pictographs, or models)
SC.O.1.2.5 depict movement of living things in air, water and on land. (e.g., birds flying, fish swimming, or worms burrowing in soil).
SC.O.1.2.6 recognize that materials are composed of smaller parts that may be seen with a magnifier.
SC.O.1.2.7 recognize that materials can be recycled and used again, sometimes in different forms.
SC.O.1.2.8 recognize that water can change from one form to another and give examples of changes.
SC.O.1.2.9 predict and investigate the buoyancy of objects in water.
SC.O.1.2.14 observe, identify and record changes in weather and effects on living organisms.
SC.O.1.2.15 recognize that the sun, moon, and stars appear to move.
SC.O.1.2.16 observe and discuss the importance of objects in the day and night sky.
SC.O.1.2.17 use a model to compare land and water features on the Earth.
SC.O.1.2.18 identify important uses of air.
SC.O.K.1.1 ask questions about themselves and their world.
SC.O.K.1.4 explore and describe objects and events using the five senses to develop observational skills and make predictions based on personal observation.
SC.O.K.1.5 use scientific instruments and everyday materials to investigate the natural world (e.g., hand lens, balance, or magnets).
SC.O.K.2.5 identify liquids and solids.
SC.O.K.2.7 explore and describe changes in energy (e.g., hot/cold or light/dark).
SC.O.K.2.10 observe and record daily changes in weather (e.g., clouds or air temperature).