A new biorefinery process developed by scientists at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has proven to be significantly more effective at producing ethanol from algae than previous research.
Because of how the chemical industry developed, whoever invented that particular brand of paint probably was thinking about how well it would work on Coons' walls -- not what would happen when its fumes filled his house, scientists say.
In a vision of production where natural resource inputs drastically are reduced by constantly cycling materials back through supply chains, niche upcycling or re-manufacturing efforts tend to win out over models with potential to cost-effectively scale.
In the agricultural economy, declining commodity prices continue to be a concern. In corn- and soybean-rich southwest Iowa, this is of particular concern.
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